China’s peacekeeping force is a military force sent by China in accordance with relevant UN resolutions and norms of international law. The main task is to stop the conflict and restore peace. At the request of the UN secretary-general, China has sent military observers to the UN every year since 1990 to carry out peacekeeping missions. The peacekeeping police are dispatched by the national police to carry out civilian tasks and perform police functions.
Peacekeepers wear sky blue helmets or blue berets bearing the initials UN and armbands emblazoned with the words earth and olive branch. All personnel participating in the United Nations peace-keeping forces must receive special training in training centres in the Nordic countries to familiarize themselves with the functions, purposes, tasks and special military training of the peace-keeping forces.
The role of United Nations peace-keeping forces is to prevent local conflicts from escalating, or from renewing, and to help civilian populations victimized in the war, creating conditions for an eventual political settlement of the conflict. When the first UN peacekeeping force was established in 1956, the UN secretary-general hammarskjold put forward the famous three principles of peacekeeping:
First, peacekeeping operations should not interfere with the rights, demands and position of the countries concerned. They should remain neutral and should not take sides with any party in the conflict. Second, peacekeeping operations must be carried out with the unanimous consent of all parties concerned. Third, the peacekeepers carry only light weapons and use force only in self-defence. These three principles have been summed up as the principles of neutrality, consent and self-defence, and are called the hammarskjd three principles. The hammarskjd three principles are the basic principles of traditional UN peacekeeping operations. The hammarskjd three principles have important guiding significance for the United Nations peacekeeping operations in the past four decades.
From the end of the second world war to May 2000, the United Nations had organized 68 peace-keeping operations with more than 750,000 military, police and civilian personnel. Its purpose has expanded from the traditional monitoring of cease-fires and mediation to preventive diplomacy, peace-keeping and peace-building. Its tasks include monitoring cease-fires, cease-fires and troop withdrawals; Disengagement of the parties to the conflict; To observe and report on the situation; To help implement the peace agreement; Preventing illegal transboundary or infiltration and maintaining security in conflict areas. As the international situation has changed, the mandate of peacekeeping operations has gradually expanded to include many non-traditional tasks such as monitoring elections, referendums, protecting and distributing humanitarian aid, and helping de-mining and the return of refugees to their homes.
A total of 1,546 Chinese peacekeepers from 10 Chinese peacekeeping forces have been deployed in four UN missions. The four mission areas are in Congo (kinshasa), Liberia, Lebanon, Sudan and Mali. So far, China has sent 22,000 peacekeepers, 17 of whom have died in peacekeeping missions. China’s peacekeeping troops are mainly medical and engineering personnel. Over the past 20 years, China’s peacekeeping troops have surveyed and built more than 7,300 kilometers of roads and 200 Bridges, received and treated more than 28,000 patients, performed more than 230 operations, transported personnel and materials over 3.48 million kilometers, and cleared more than 7,500 mines and other unidentified explosives. Firearms: generally a type 95 assault rifle. By February 2019, China had sent more than 39,000 peacekeepers to build more than 13,000 kilometers of roads in the peacekeeping mission area, transported 13 million kilometers, treated more than 170,000 patients and completed more than 300 armed escort patrols.
On September 24, 2018, 166 officers and soldiers of the second echelon of the ninth Chinese peacekeeping force to south Sudan (wau) arrived at the mission area, marking the full deployment of the ninth Chinese peacekeeping force to south Sudan (wau). On November 15, 2018, the 14th Chinese peacekeeping engineering detachment to darfur, Sudan, was honored at the Chinese battalion in fashil, where 225 peacekeepers received the UN peace medal of honor. More than 300 people attended the ceremony, including the special representative of the United Nations and the African union mission in darfur (unami) Mr. Mampolo, the deputy commander of the mission, major-general kammad, the chief of the general staff of the civil affairs department, Mr. Luke mraba, the commanders of the participating countries, Sudanese military and political leaders and representatives of the Chinese community. On August 6, 2019, the United Nations mission in south Sudan (unmiss) held a grand ceremony in wau UN city to award 331 officers and soldiers of the 9th Chinese peacekeeping engineering and medical detachment to south Sudan with “peace medal” in recognition of their outstanding performance in the peacekeeping mission. Chinese peacekeepers pass through tiananmen square as the last Chinese troops on foot during the first parade to mark the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China in Beijing on the morning of October 1, 2019.
The 18th Chinese peacekeeping force to Lebanon is carrying out a peacekeeping mission in Lebanon. In addition to routine peacekeeping missions such as mine clearance and fortification, mobile medical services are also in charge. Free clinics will be held today at a mobile medical point established by the army in the village of kraya in southern Lebanon.
In Sudan, the “furnace of the world”, the Chinese engineering battalion has created an amazing “Chinese speed” – repairing the road from the peacekeeping camp to wau airport in just three days.
“The rotation is the team, the transfer is the task, the transfer is the mission.” “As long as a Chinese soldier can make a little contribution to world peace, it is no matter how hard and tiring he may be, even at the cost of his life.” It is this spirit of enduring hardship, fighting and dedication that has created a peacekeeping force that cannot be defeated or dragged down and completed one “impossible task after another”. In every UN peacekeeping mission, China’s “blue helmets” are not only guardians of peace, but also disseminators of friendship and civilization. With their practical actions, they have demonstrated China’s great country style of “loving peace and being responsible” and displayed the good image of the Chinese military as a “mighty force, a civilized force and a peaceful force”.