Old Summer Palace’s bronze statue of horse head, which has been lost overseas for many years, has finally returned to Beijing! on November 13, Old Summer Palace’s bronze statue of horse head was held in Beijing, and the bronze statue of horse head, which has been wandering overseas for more than a hundred years, officially returned to his hometown. Minister of Culture and Tourism Luo Shugang unveiled the bronze statue of Old Summer Palace’s horse head and issued an honorary certificate to Ms. Ho Chaoqiong, a representative of Mr. Stanley Ho, a donor of the bronze statue. After the donation ceremony, the bronze statue of Ma Shou and six other bronze statues of beasts will be jointly displayed at the National Museum’s Exhibition on the return of lost Cultural relics on the 70th Anniversary of the founding of the people’s Republic of China.
The bronze statue of Old Summer Palace’s horse head is one of the main components of Old Summer Palace’s zodiac head fountain in Qing Dynasty. In August 1860, British and French coalition forces invaded Beijing. October 6, occupied Old Summer Palace. Since the next day, officers and soldiers have carried out frenzied robberies and sabotage. In order to force the Qing government to accept the terms of negotiation as soon as possible, British Minister Erkin and British commander-in-chief Grant, under the pretext that the Qing government had imprisoned British and French prisoners in Old Summer Palace, ordered Lieutenant General Michele to lead more than 3500 invading troops to Old Summer Palace and set fire to Old Summer Palace on October 18. The fire, which lasted two days and two nights, burned Old Summer Palace into ruins. Bronze statue of horse head Along with 11 other bronze statues of beasts lost overseas. In August 2007, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage learned that Old Summer Palace’s horse head bronze statues were about to be auctioned at Sotheby’s auction Co., Ltd., and expressed for the first time his firm position on ending the public auction and his good willingness to promote the return of cultural relics. Hong Kong Sotheby’s Company actively cooperated in this regard. In September, when Mr. Ho learned of the relevant situation, he took on a high degree of family feelings and responsibilities. He generously contributed to the rescue of the lost cultural relics, ending more than 100 years of discrete drifting of the bronze statue of the horse head. In November 2019, Mr. Stanley Ho decided to formally donate the bronze statue of the horse head to the State Bureau of Cultural relics to the Chinese people. The 70th Anniversary of the founding of the Republic of China and the 20th Anniversary of Macao’s return to China.
Liu Yuzhu, director of the State Bureau of Cultural relics, pointed out in his speech that the loss of overseas cultural relics is an inseparable part of Chinese cultural heritage, carrying historical memory and national feelings, and affecting the heartstrings of patriotic compatriots at home and abroad. In the great practice of rescuing lost cultural relics in 70 years, patriotic compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao have always been an indispensable and important force. they are outstanding representatives of Hong Kong and Macao in adhering to the patriotic heart of boxing, searching for overseas treasures, donating the motherland, turning private interests into the public, and benefiting the public.
Mr. Ho’s act of donating the bronze statue of Ma to the country shows his admirable feelings of home and country, and also reflects the deep nostalgia of thousands of compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao for the motherland’s culture, and their kinship with the blood and water of the motherland. The return of Ma Tou witnessed the historical step of the Chinese nation from humiliating and subverting to prosperity and prosperity, and presented a unique gift for the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China and the 20th anniversary of Macao’s return to the motherland. It will certainly drive all social forces to pay attention to and support the cause of the return of cultural relics lost in China, encourage patriotic compatriots at home and abroad to take care of the motherland culture, and work together to realize the great dream of the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
In her reply, he Chaoqiong said that the bronze statue of Ma’s head, accompanied by Macao for 12 years, not only conveyed patriotic spirit, but also witnessed the successful practice of “one country, two systems” in Macao. On the occasion of celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people’s Republic of China and welcoming the 20th anniversary of Macao’s return to the motherland, the bronze statue of Ma head can be returned to Tibet permanently. It is a solemn donation to the “double Celebration year” by the he family, full of sincere wishes from the people of Hong Kong and Macao for the prosperity and strength of the country and a good blessing to the people of the whole country.
Over the years, with the joint efforts of the State Bureau of Cultural relics and forces from all walks of life, there have been six bronze statues of Old Summer Palace, including cow head, monkey head, tiger head, pig head, mouse head and rabbit head, which have returned to the motherland in different ways. Among them, the bronze statue of pig head was bought and returned to the country by Mr. Stanley Ho in 2003.